Bland Diet

PURPOSE:

To provide a diet containing a variety of foods from all the food groups with a high protein and fiber content with a moderate fat content. A bland diet will help to eliminate known gastric irritants and will help reduce the amount of gastric secretions produced.

GENERAL GUIDELINES:

  1. Avoid the following:
    • Caffeine containing beverages: coffee, tea, and carbonated beverages
    • Decaffeinated coffee and tea
    • Meat extracts such as broth, bouillon, and cosomme.
    • Alcoholic beverages
    • Chocolate and chocolate flavoring
    • Black pepper, white pepper and chili powder
    • Any food not tolerated by you
    • Very large meals
  2. Include foods high in fiber, such as fresh fruits, vegetables and whole grain breads and cereals.
  3. Eat at least three evenly spaced meals per day. Avoid eating within two hours of bedtime.
  4. Eat slowly, chewing food well. Try to eat in a calm, relaxed atmosphere.

If you have problems with Esophageal Reflux (regurgitation of gastric contents into the esophagus with the common symptom of heartburn) include the following:

  • Achieve and maintain ideal body weight
  • Avoid eating at bedtime
  • Avoid high-fat foods
  • Emphasize proteins in the diet
  • Avoid mints, such as peppermint and spearmint
  • Avoid tomatoes, tomato juice and citrus fruits and their juices
  • Avoid carbonated beverages, chewing gums and sucking on hard candies, as they facilitate reflux
  • Avoid tight clothing and bending or lying down immediately after meals
  • Eliminate the use of tobacco
SAMPLE MEAL PLAN
Breakfast Lunch Dinner
  • ½ cup orange juice
  • ¾ cup 40% Bran Flakes
  • 1 scrambled egg
  • 1 slice whole wheat bread toasted or 1 biscuit
  • 1 teaspoon margarine
  • 1 tablespoon jelly
  • 2 teaspoons sugar
  • 1 cup 2% milk
  • 3 ounces roast beef
  • medium baked potato
  • ½ cup steamed broccoli and cauliflower
  • tossed salad with dressing
  • 1 slice whole wheat bread or 1 roll
  • 1 teaspoon margarine
  • ½ cup chilled peaches or 1 slice pound cake
  • 1 cup 2% milk
  • 2 teaspoons sugar
  • 3 ounces baked chicken
  • ½ cup pinto beans
  • ½ cup turnip greens
  • ½ cup cole slaw
  • 1 cornbread muffin or 1 slice whole wheat bread
  • 1 teaspoon margarine
  • ½ cup chilled applesauce or 1 slices apple pie
  • 1 cup 2% milk
  • 2 teaspoons sugar