Low FODMAP Diet

What are FODMAPs?

F – Fermentable

O – Oligosaccharides

D – Disaccharides

M – Monosaccharides

A – and

P – Polyols

 

FODMAP is an acronym describing short chain carbohydrates. These sugars and fibers are often not absorbed in the small intestine and travel to the large intestine bringing excess water with them. Bacteria in the large intestine feed off FODMAPs which can cause too much bacteria to grow in the gut. This can cause discomfort and IBS symptoms such as diarrhea. The purpose of a low FODMAP diet is to starve this excess bacteria and restore the normal flora of the gut.

 

 

There are 3 phases of a low FODMAP diet which should be monitored by a Registered Dietitian.

 

Oligosaccharides

Sub group: fructans and galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS)

Disaccharides

Sub group: lactose, milk sugar

 

Monosaccharides

Sub group: excess fructose

 

 

Polyols

Sub group: sugar alcohols (sorbitol, mannitol)

 

For more information about the low FODMAP diet schedule an appointment with our Registered Dietitian, Madden Wilson, RND, LDN, CNSC.